The chickens that saved Western civilization were discovered, according to legend, by the side of a road in Greece in the first decade of the fifth century B.C. The Athenian general Themistocles, on his way to confront the invading Persian forces, stopped to watch two cocks fighting and summoned his troops, saying: “Behold, these do not fight for their household gods, for the monuments of their ancestors, for glory, for liberty or the safety of their children, but only because one will not give way to the other.” The tale does not describe what happened to the loser, nor explain why the soldiers found this display of instinctive aggression inspirational rather than pointless and depressing. But history records that the Greeks, thus heartened, went on to repel the invaders, preserving the civilization that today honors those same creatures by breading, frying and dipping them into one’s choice of sauce. The descendants of those roosters might well think—if they were capable of such profound thought—that their ancient forebears have a lot to answer for.
- How the Chicken Conquered the World (3quarksdaily.com)
- Classical Chickens (rogueclassicism.com)
- How the Chicken Conquered the World Smithsonian Magazine (thekitchn.com)
- Hail The Conquering Chicken! A Story Of Dinner Plate Domination (wnyc.org)
- How General Tso’s Chicken Got Its Name (nancyfriedman.typepad.com)